The Grand Palace in Bangkok is a magnificent structure, representative of the finest in Rattanakosin art and culture. Construction on the Grand Palace began over 200 years ago under the reign of King Rama I, who moved the capital city of Thailand to Bangkok. Since 1782, the Grand Palace has housed the king and his family.The Grand Palace is separated into five different quarters and protected by high walls. After the end of absolute monarchy in 1932, the royal family moved out of the palace and it has since become one of the most popular tourist attractions in Thailand.
Inside the Grand Palace sits the Emerald Buddha Temple Compound, which is located in the north east corner of the compound. It is surrounded by cloisters on all sides which separate it from the royal areas inhabited by the king. Because it is a royal chapel, it houses no monks. At the entrance to the temple stand two giants, characters from the Ramakien, named Asakornmarsa, distinguished by his purple skin and double tier of heads, and Chakrawat, who is identified by his white skin and four heads. There are 12 giants in total guarding the entrances on three sides of the compound.